- Arabica is the first species of coffee to be cultivated in the world which was firstly grown in southwest Arabia that have made it known as coffee shrub of Arabia.
- 75-80% production of coffee across the world is coffee Arabica which is most widely grown coffee beans which contains less caffeine compared to any other coffee species cultivated across the world.
- Arabica contains 1.2% caffeine.
- Arabica leaves are simple, opposite, elliptic having length of 6-12 cm and width of 4-8 cm having dark and glossy green color. Arabica flowers are of white color moreover the fruit of coffee are bright red to purple color of 10-15 mm diameter red to purple color contains two coffee seeds.
- Flavor of Arabica coffee depends on region and it contains other aromas blended together.
- The plant can tolerate low temperatures, but not frost, and does best with an average temperature between 15 and 24 °C.
- Arabica takes about seven years to mature fully.
- Each tree can produce from 0.5 to 5.0 kg of dried beans
- Robusta is the second most cultivated coffee beans in the world grown in central and western sub-Saharan Africa where it is known as conilon after that Vietnam is country which cultivate the Robusta coffee beans.
- As the name says, Robusta beans are more robust than the other main type of coffee bean, Arabica, and can be grown at low or high altitudes.
- 20% production of coffee across the world is coffee Robusta which contains more caffeine compared to Arabica.
- Robusta contains 2.7% caffeine.
- Robusta was known about 100 years after coffee Arabica.
- Robusta beans produce a strong, full bodied coffee which is having bitterness than Arabica.
- Robusta flowers takes 10-11 months for cherries to get ripen which have oval shaped beans.
- Robusta coffee beans deliver twice the amount of caffeine compared to Arabica coffee beans
- Amount of caffeine given by Robusta coffee is twice the amount of caffeine to Arabica coffee beans.
- Robusta beans tend to be smaller than Arabica beans and are darker in color.
- Kona is rarest types of produced coffee in the world which get cultivated in the north and south Kona districts of the big island Hawaii.
- Coffee that belongs to Kona district is only known as “Kona” and that only makes it more Expensive among the all coffee species.
- Kona having highest amount of caffeine which holds rich aroma that can be enjoyed in its pure form.
- Kona coffee beans are grown under sunny weather in morning, rainy weather in afternoon and quite windy and mild weather in night.
- Kona blend is not a combination of types of Kona coffee but it’s a blend of Colombian, Brazilian and any other foreign coffees. This holds only 10 % Kona and 90 % cheaper imported beans.